The park, created in 1996, covers 11,475 sq km (4,431 sq mi) and is located along Hudson Bay between Churchill and York Factory, in the northeastern part of the Canadian Province of Manitoba.
It protects one of the world’s largest known polar bear maternity denning areas. It represents the Hudson James Lowlands natural region bordering on Hudson Bay.
The park lies on the transition between boreal forest and Arctic tundra. Continuous permafrost is topped by North America’s most extensive mantle of peat.
The park’s marine coastal habitat is covered by salt marshes, dunes, beaches, and an extensive inter-tidal zone. The tundra zone consists of ancient beach ridges, sedge meadows, peatland, and tundra ponds.
The taiga area is a stunted northern forest of white spruce, larch, and willows. Water covers half of the land’s surface in the form of lakes, bogs, fens, streams, and rivers.
Dene and Cree have lived in this region for more than 3,000 years. Métis and European traders arrived in the 17th Century.
See map of the park.
See also: National Parks of Canada.
(This page was updated in November 2012.)