Terra Nova National Park
Such abundant natural resources as fish and sea mammals have attracted people to the Terra Nova area for at least 5,000 years. Prehistoric peoples and European settlers depended on the rich resources of the sea and land, as do many people in the region today.
The significance of the area’s natural and cultural heritage was officially recognized in 1957 when Terra Nova became Newfoundland’s first national park.
It is Canada’s most easterly one, situated on Bonavista Bay, on the northeast coast of the island of Newfoundland and having an area of 396 sq km (153 sq mi).
What is now the national park was once home to shipbuilding operations, sawmills, and several small communities. The majority of these activities occurred along the shorelines of Newman Sound and Clode Sound, which feature the unique interaction between the cold Atlantic Ocean and the rugged boreal forest of Newfoundland.
Staff at Terra Nova National Park has designed an extensive ecological integrity monitoring programme, encompassing the five main ecosystems – forest, aquatic, coastal, wetlands, and barren.
Each ecosystem is broken down further into measures; for example, water quality, Newfoundland marten, shorebirds.
Data collection occurs through the year, often in remote areas of the park and through such means as boating, hiking, and all-terrain vehicles.
See also: National Parks of Canada.
(This page was updated in November 2012.)