Elk Island National Park
Located along the Yellowhead Highway about 30 km (19 mi) east of Edmonton, Elk Island National Park protects the wilderness of the aspen parkland, one of the most endangered habitats in Canada.
It is home to herds of free-roaming plains bison, wood bison, moose, deer, and elk. With over 250 species of birds, the park is a bird watcher’s paradise. It has an area of 194 sq km (75 sq mi).
Elk Island Park, was created in 1908, being a wildlife park until it became designated as a Dominion Park in 1913. The National Parks Act of 1930 established Elk Island as a national park.
The Superintendent’s residence, the pavilion overlooking the beach area, the horse barn, and the Ukrainian Pioneer Home have Federal Heritage protection.
The Sarcee were probably the first people to live in this area. Prior to the 1800s, the Plains Cree began to inhabit the Beaver Hills. replacing the Sarcee. The Cree became the suppliers of pelts to the fur traders. When hunting the bison, the Cree travelled and worked together in large bands.
See map of the park.
See also: National Parks of Canada.
(This page was updated in November 2012.)