- Giuseppe Piazzi (1746-1826)
- Born in Italy.
- He published a catalogue of stars.
- He discovered and named the first minor planet, Ceres.
- Born in Greece.
- He was the first to draw a map based on astronomical observation.
- He did not believe that Earth revolves around the Sun or that it spins on its axis.
- He believed that a planet moves in an epicircle, which moves in a circular path around Earth.
- He left a list of forty-eight constellations.
Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus) (fl. 127 CE – 141 CE)