Indoles are anticarcinogen compounds that exist naturally in many foods, most notably in cruciferous vegetables.
Interferon is a family of glycoproteins that interferes with the replication of various viruses. They also affect cell growth and immunologic processes by activating or suppressing selected components of the immune system. Interferons are released by cells in response to a variety of agents, including viruses, microorganisms, and endotoxins.
Inulin is a complex carbohydrate found in Jerusalem artichokes (related to the sunflower) and to a lesser degree in garlic and onions. Since the body is only partially able to digest it, it can cause gas and bloating. Its chemistry changes when inulin-rich foods are placed in storage. Then, the inulin is broken down into fructose units, which the body is better able to utilize. Thus, in this case, fresher is not better since the body is not able to utilize all of its available nutrients unless it is a little “stale.” Inulin is often used by some in the health food industry to make pastas that are “safe” for diabetics. However, regular pasta is also safe for diabetics.
Isoflavones are compounds similar to natural estogen, except that they may prevent hormone-dependent cancers. Soybeans is the only commonly consumed food that contains isofalvones. Some scientists believe they may help prevent hot flashes in menopausal women. Daidzein is an isoflavone found in soybeans. It is showing that it can inhibit growth of cancer cells and promote cell differentiation.